Having a skincare routine that works is not an easy task and here’s why.
First, with hundreds of new skincare products flooding the market every day, you’ll get easily confused.
Second, each skincare routine is an individual experience. What works for you, might not work for me.
However, skin experts and dermatologists agree that there are 6 key steps we ALL must follow, regardless of the skin type.
Without further ado, these are the top 6 skincare routine steps you must start following right now, to achieve healthy, glowing, and beautiful skin.
1. Know Your Skin Type
Step number one in your skincare routine is knowing your type of skin.
This step is critical in deciding the type of skincare products to purchase.
Dermatologists generalize the human skins under five major types:
- dry skin
- oily skin
- normal skin
- combination skin
- sensitive skin
If your skin feels tight, or you notice it is peeling off during the dry winter months, you probably have a dry skin type.
If you have a shiny luscious look, even right after you’ve washed your face, that means you have oily skin.
If you have this type of skin you’ll suffer from blemishes quite a lot.
If your skin is not too dry and not too shinny, then you have a normal skin type.
If you show characteristics of two different types (dry and oily) in different areas of the face, then you have a combination skin type.
For example, my T zone (forehead and nose) are very oily, while my chin and lips are super dry, so I have a combination skin type that needs extra attention.
Finally, the sensitive skin type is quite reactive to creams, tonners, sunlight, wind, and can get easily irritated and inflamed.
2. Choose The Right Skin Cleanser
Cleansing your skin the correct way, with the correct product is the second most important step in your daily skincare routine.
Even if you are staying home and not wearing makeup, cleansing your skin every day is critical.
Cleansing removes dirt, makeup, sunscreens, skin oils, dead skin cells, bacteria, environmental pollutants, refreshing and prevents the formation of clogged pores.
Dermatologists recommend that you cleanse twice, once in the morning and once before going to bed.
However, they also insist that if you have dry or sensitive skin, you should only cleanse your skin once a day.
If you’re like me and need a two-times-a-day skincare cleansing routine, choose a product that contains gentle ingredients that don’t damage your skin.
I personally use fragrance-free formulas that contain ceramides, hyaluronic acid, and organic glycerin, which are super gentle to my skin.
3. Use A Skincare Toner
Using a toner is not critical for your daily skincare routine.
However, using a toner helps a lot if you suffer from dry skin with clogged pores.
Back in the day, toners were used to balance out the skin’s pH and to cleanse further your skin.
Nowadays, a good toner is designed to deliver vital nutrients to your skin, rather than cleanse.
If you decide to use a toner, look for these ingredients in particular: hyaluronic acid, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, BHAs, AHAs, licorice root extract, and tea tree oil.
Now, how do include toner in your skincare routine?
Most of us use cotton pads to apply toner to the skin.
However, this approach leads to product waste as the toner absorbs into the pads.
Moreover, you’re creating environmental waste by utilizing single-use cotton pads.
The best way is to apply toner on your face directly; pour it on your hands and dab it on your face.
If necessary, use a cotton cloth to wipe off any excess toner and oils.
You can use this product both in the morning and evening, right after cleansing your face and before other steps.
4. Use Serums With Ingredients
Serums are a trendy part of the skincare routine right now.
Nowadays we have toners tweaked to deliver active ingredients.
But, before toners, we had serums as the best way to nourish and protect our skins.
Skincare serums come in many shapes, sizes and with a wide range of beneficial ingredients.
However, the most important thing to keep in mind – when choosing a serum – is what you want to achieve.
Some of the best serums contain:
- Hyaluronic Acid – excellent at sealing hydration in your face skin cells.
- Niacinamide – to fight skin inflammation and redness.
- Vitamin C – to fight dull and uneven skin tones and counter any dark spots.
- Retinol – to fight wrinkles and improve overall skin appearance.
- Salicylic Acid – used in chemical exfoliation, also helps with clogged pores, blackheads, and whiteheads.
Ideally, you apply the serum only after cleansing your face with a good toner.
Also, try to match the ingredients on both products, to avoid any potential allergic reactions.
More importantly, store your Retinol and Vitamin C serums in a high-quality skincare fridge, to keep them fresh and active.
5. Skincare Routine Moisturizer
Moisturizer is an essential part of your regimen that will leave your skin hydrated, prevent water loss, and help keep your skin barrier healthy.
Just like with all the skincare routine products described above, choosing a moisturizer according to your skin type is critical.
However, choosing the moisturizer according to the weather conditions is equally important.
For example, the cold weather outside will dry your skin very fast.
At the same time, in the winter you’ll face (no pun intended) extra dryness from the heaters at home.
Therefore, it is wise to use denser creams during cold days and switch to lighter moisturizers during warm weather.
Rich, heavy moisturizers are based on emollients and humectants that will lock in the moisture in your skin, leaving it nourished.
On the other hand, lighter moisturizers with a lightweight formula that doesn’t clog pores and absorbs very quickly into the skin are ideal for humid air days.
Ideally, you apply moisturizer twice a day; after toner and serum but right before the SPF.
6. Apply Sunscreen
Regardless of the time of the year, sunscreens are one of the most important parts of your daily skincare routine.
Whenever you go outdoors, regardless if it is cloudy, rainy, or sunny, make sure you always apply sunscreen!
Sun rays are incredibly damaging to the skin by causing premature aging, fine lines, wrinkles, spots, discoloration, and so on.
You only have to apply the sunscreen in the morning, after the moisturizer.
If you don’t use sunscreen to complete your skincare routine, the entire regimen will be less effective.
Ideally, choose cruelty-free and vegan sunscreens for better skin and planet!
Further Skincare Routine Steps
Aside from these six steps, there are additional skincare protocols that you can try once you’ve nailed the basic routine.
These are not essential steps but can make a difference in how your skin feels and looks.
Some extra steps and tools worth mentioning here are the eye creams, face masks, oils, and of course, esthetician appointments.
Once again, I highly recommend you buy a dedicated skincare fridge to store your cosmetics.
It’ll make your life more organized while keeping your cosmetics fresher for much longer.
Remember, running a daily skincare routine is a very personal experience; what works for others might not work for you.
Follow the six steps listed above, and once you feel confident enough, you can add additional steps to achieve the best skincare routine.