Here’s EVERYTHING You Need To Know About Vegan Leather (2022)

Weekly Newsletter

Latest updates in fashion, beauty & style curated by The VOU's editorial team.

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Interested in Vegan Leather? Here’s everything you need to know about vegan leather in 2022.

We’ll start with the definition of vegan leather and the origin of the ‘vegan leather’, as a concept.

We’ll then look at different types of vegan leather to see why “not all vegan leather is made equal”.

You’ll learn what vegan leather is made of, the different smells and looks of vegan leather.

We’ll compare vegan leather with animal leather – the good, the OK-ish, and the bad parts.

In the end, we’ll look at the best designers creating vegan leather and their amazing products.

Without further ado… what is vegan leather?


Vegan Leather Definition

The term ‘vegan leather’ describes several material alternatives to animal-based leather.

These materials look, feel, and have the same attributes as leather, however, without having to sacrifice animals in the making.

What Is Vegan Leather Made From?

The general category of ‘vegan leather’ can be broken down into two:

  1. The old-fashion synthetic vegan leather, also known as faux-leather
  2. The more recently developed vegan leather, made from organic and natural ingredients
Vegan leather is also made from natural materials such as pineapple leaves, apple peels and mushrooms
Before you buy, remember: “Not all vegan leather is made equal” – The VOU.

1. Synthetic leather is made from petroleum-based materials.

It was one of the first attempts at making cheaper alternatives to animal leather.

The most popular synthetic vegan leather is made either from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or polyurethane (PU).

Synthetic types of ‘leather’ are also called Faux leather (faux=fake) or ‘Pleather’ (plastic leather).

Given its construct, synthetic leather is detrimental to the environment.

2. Natural vegan leather made ONLY from organic matter, such as fruits byproducts or mushrooms.

Sustainable vegan leather made form organic mater such as pineapple leaves, apple peels or even mushrooms
Always look for modern vegan leather, made from organic materials.

As a material, natural vegan leather is a product of the last ten years of research.

Also part of the general ‘vegan leather’ consensus, these materials are made ONLY from organic materials such as:

Mushrooms, cactus, algae (kelp), orange and apple peels, pineapple leaves (pinatex), cork, barkcloth, and even paper.

Moreover, when compared to synthetic leather, natural vegan leather is sustainable and has better quality.

Vegan Leather vs Animal Leather

vegan leather vs animal leather
Apple leather vs animal leather. Purity vs cruelty, what’s your choice?

There are several benefits that make vegan leather preferable over animal leather:

  1. Vegan leather is cruelty-free and animal-friendly.
    No animals are sacrificed in the process of making vegan leather.
  2. Most vegan leather is sustainable and environmentally friendly.
    ‘Most’ because PU and PVC leather is not sustainable.
  3. Vegan leather can be made to order.
    For that, there’s no material wastage as all parts and sizes are cut according to the designer’s needs.
  4. Lesser CO2 and greenhouse emissions than animal leather.
    The rising animals is one of the main sources of pollution and CO2 emission.
  5. Lesser toxic chemicals are used.
    Toxic chemicals are used to ‘tan and finish’ animal skin into the material we call leather.
  6. Vegan leather is waterproof and easier to maintain.
    Not all animal leather is waterproof. Moreover, maintenance can be expensive.

Is Vegan Leather Good For The Environment?

The answer depends on which types of vegan leather we’re referring to:

Synthetic or natural?

Synthetic leather is ‘vegan friendly’ in the sense that no animal parts are used in the manufacturing process.

However, most faux leather is not eco-friendly.

Faux leather is bad for the environment according to BBC expert
“Consumers don’t know what polyester, acrylic, or nylon are so everything that’s made of plastic should be labeled as plastic” – Patrick Grant owner of Savile Row tailor Norton & Sons.

On the other hand vegan leather made from organic matter, is both, cruelty-free and sustainable.

For that, vegan leather made from organic matter is better than both, animal-based and synthetic leather.

The manufacturing and disposal of both, animal and synthetic vegan leather, are hazardous processes for humans and the environment.

Faux leather vs Animal Leather
Animal leather tannery vs vegan leather manufacturing machine.

The manufacturing and tanning of animal leather require large amounts of toxic chemicals.

These chemicals pollute the environment and destroy flora and fauna.

Similarly, the disposal of synthetic leather results in the release of hazardous chemicals in the air, such as phthalates and dioxins.

These toxic fumes are dangerous to humans and animals, known to cause serious developmental and reproductive problems.

Leather environmental pollution
The problem with animal leather tanneries is more serious than previously imagined.

In comparison, vegan leather made from organic matter is fully BIODEGRADABLE and SUSTAINABLE.

Products made from this type of vegan leather disintegrate without any negative impact on people’s health, animals, or the environment.

Harvesting pineapple leaves to produce Pinatex vegan leather
Local harvesting discarded pineapple leaves – that can be used to make Pinatex, a natural vegan leather.

Moreover, natural vegan leather can be cut to order, and hence, eliminate material waste.

Is Vegan Leather Better Than Animal Leather?

When comparing vegan leather with animal leather, quality and durability always come first.

Because both are made in the lab, synthetic and natural vegan leather can be made lighter, thinner, and more durable than animal leather.

Pinatex production process
Sheets of Pinatex cut according to the designer’s need.

These attributes make vegan leather great for fashion, as it is easier to work with.

Compared to leather and vegan leather, the synthetic version (faux leather) wears out unattractively.

Both leather and vegan leather age beautifully.

Over time, a patina is formed adding extra character to the product.

Vegan Leather Durability

The durability of vegan leather varies according to the MATERIALS USED in the manufacturing process.

In general, synthetic leather is less durable when compared to animal leather.

Faux leather low quality
Synthetic vegan leather breaking down.

In time, PU and PVC leather tend to get scratched or crack.

On the other hand, natural vegan leather has similar durability to animal-based leather.

Pinatex vegan leather quality
Altiir Biker Jacket made from ‘Pinatex’, a natural leather extracted from pineapple leaves.
  • First, natural vegan leather lasts longer and does not crack or scratch with ease.
  • Second, just like animal leather, in time takes the same beautiful patina, which provides further character and personality to the product.

Vegan Leather Smell Like…

Synthetic vegan leather – made from PVC or PU – has an artificial smell of plastic and chemicals.

While the smell tends to wear off with time, it could be masked faster with special polishing creams.

However, there’s always the danger of ruining the material.

On the other hand, natural vegan leather smells similar to the matter used to make it.

For example, apple leather has a subtle smell of green apples.

Pineapple leather does not have a smell and mushroom leather tends to smell like leather.

Compared with synthetic and animal leather, vegan leather made from organic matter can be imbued with any desired smells.

Vegan Leather Looks Like…

In general, good-quality vegan leather can’t be distinguished from real leather.

But, depending on the materials used, these materials have different levels of quality and textures.

For example, synthetic vegan leather does not form patina like leather.

Synthetic leather
Synthetic leather made from PU, with printed pores to emulate the look of animal-based leather.

Also, the pores you see on synthetic vegan leather are not real but printed.

Because of that, the breathability of the material is reduced.

On the other hand, vegan leather from organic matter has pores and looks just like leather.

Sustainable Vegan leather made of apple, pineapple, cork and mushroom
Top 4 types of vegan leather right now: leather from apple skins, mycelium, cork, and pineapple leaves.

Moreover, as it is made from organic matter which contains fibers and real pores, the breathability is similar to leather.

Best Vegan Leather Brands In 2022

Time to check out some of the best vegan fashion designers right now.

Here you’ll find anything made from vegan leather, from jackets to bags and shoes, and other vegan leather wardrobe essentials.

Vegan Leather Jackets, Coats, & Tops

1. Sarah Regensburger – Vegan leather suit.

Sarah Regensburger vegan leather jacket
Sarah Regensburger’s ‘Dark Queen’ jacket.

Sarah Regensburger is a German-born, London-based fashion designer with superb vegan leather creations.

Sarah’s exquisite creations bring back the concept of laidback luxury in stunning amalgamations of traditions with present-day concepts.

Her impressive vegan leather pieces – spurred by the world’s diversity of cultures – are compelling stories of our tribal origins and return to mother nature.

3. Nanushka – Vegan puffer jacket.

Nanushka vegan leather puffer jacket
Nanushka vegan leather puffer jacket.

Nanushka has splendid vegan leather jackets that project a rare blend of Eastern with Western culture.

Designed in Budapest and produced in Europe, Nanushka’s vegan leather jackets will fill you up with effervescent confidence and subtle femininity.

2. Julia Allert – Vegan blazer and skirt.

Julia Allert vegan leather jacket
Julia Allert vegan leather jacket.

Julia Allert is a high-end designer label hailing from Moldova driven by the ‘break the rules’ slogan and with a ‘slow fashion’ agenda.

Julia’s vegan jackets are pure interpretations of a tumultuous and fascinating past, able to shatter typical fashion patterns, aiming to symbolize the strong woman who plays by her own rules.

4. Martin Appelt – Vegan cropped jacket.

Martin Appelt vegan leather jacket
Martin Appelt 500 DM Cropped Jacket.

As an innovative designer label of German origin, Martin Appelt’s dynamic heritage is beautifully highlighted in his unmatched attention to detail and elaborate production techniques.

We love Martin’s apple vegan leather jackets for their playful, bold, and joyfully ironic designs.

Influenced by a blend of pop culture and current socio-environmental issues, Martin Appelt’s unconventional jackets are imbued with symbolic elements and original prints.

Each creation refers to the entrenched pop culture, offering not only a unique look but the guarantee to stand out with every occasion.

5. Each x Other – Vegan trench.

Each X Other Vegan Leather Trench
Each X Other Camel Vegan Leather Trench.

Each X Other is the place where art and fashion interlace, where artwork and fashion collection hold common inspirational ground, not just a physical location.

More than a brand, Each X Other creates vegan luxury pieces with savoir-faire and unmatched excellence.

Each X Other’s limited-edition pieces are complex plays around the concept of androgyny, seeking to end the male/female stereotypes in fashion.

Vegan Leather Bags, Handbags & Backpacks

1. Ahimsa collective – Vegan clutch.

Ahimsa Collective vegan leather bag
Ahimsa Collective ‘Halfmoon’ clutch.

Ahimsa Collective creates superb handbags out of existing resources, would-be-waste, and innovative plant-based textiles.

Imbued with excellent design and artistic flair, the label’s vegan leather bags have become the must-have of conscious luxury lovers from all over the world.

Moreover, the label’s vegan bags are perfect examples of luxury, animal love, and sustainability coexistence.

2. Adelaide Carta – Mini vegan handbag.

Adelaide C vegan leather bags
Adelaide C. Rebirth Maughor Monik bag.

Defined by unique prints, bold colors, and exclusive artistry, Adelaide Carta vegan handbags are superb amalgams of vibrant Sardinian history.

Hand-made by local artisans, Adelaide’s vegan leather bags made from cork blend aesthetic with style without compromising animals and nature but instead augmenting and improving them.

3. Osier – Vegan shoulder bag.

Osier vegan leather shoulder bag
Osier ‘Jordaan’ bag.

Osier is a conscious designer label with fascinating vegan stories to tell.

Beyond the sharp and tailored expressions of modern hedonism instilled with ingredients of ethical flavors, there is an artistic soul hidden in each Osier vegan handbag.

Osier’s handbags are complex blends of cultural treasures.

Each bag conveys an imaginary exploration of Amsterdam via cinematic art galleries, romantic streets, free-spirit festivals, picturesque canal streets, antique boutiques, restaurants, and patio cafes.

4. Gunas – Large vegan handbag.

Gunas New York vegan leather bags
Gunas Naomi bag.

Winner of MACY’s ‘Best Retail Handbag Award by an Independent Designer’ and residing in New York City, Gunas is an independent high-end vegan label.

Gunas vegan leather handbags range from totes, satchels, cross-body bags, wallets, and even backpacks, all designed to suit every need, mood, and lifestyle.

5. Livin the MAD Life – Customised vintage vegan bag.

Livin The MAD Life vegan leather bag
Livin The MAD Life ‘Frida Kahlo’ vintage bag.

Raising from the ever-sunny beaches of Miami, Florida, ‘Livin’ The MAD Life’ is a contemporary luxury label that welds symbols of self-love, courage, and peace, in immaculate vegan leather vintage bags.

The designers behind the brand hand-pick vintage bags and customize them to empower modern, powerful, and conscious women.

Vegan Leather Shoes

1. Balluta Shoes – Vegan mules.

Balluta Shoes vegan leather mules
Balluta Cyano mules.

Balluta’s vegan shoes are pure statements of sophistication and opulence, imbued with an adventurous, timeless, and hypnotic spirit of extravagance.

Mystical fragrances for the soul, Balluta’s ethical, eco-friendly, and cruelty-free shoes are beautifully made from a gorgeous blend of vegan materials and local craftsmanship, redefining the essence of conscious fashion.

2. Blanlac – Vgena heeled sandals.

Blanlac Vegan Leather Heeled Sandals
Blanlac ‘Dahila’ heeled sandals.

As a modern luxury label rising from Luxembourg, Blanlac’s signature pieces are inspired by the overgrown gardens of northern Italy, with refreshing bouquets of elegance and understated fragrance.

Blanlac’s shoes bring to life the crisp notes of Luxembourgish rigor beautifully blended with the uplifting nuances of high Italian craftsmanship and unmatched refinement.

3. Zoey Simone – Vegan boots.

Zoey Simone Vegan Leather Boots
Zoey Simone vegan leather boots.

As a luxury vegan label, Zoey Simone embodies compassion, style, and quality.

The designer conveys a unique concept of vegan shoes that embraces not only animals’ well-being but also respect for people and the planet, as paramount elements of a conscious lifestyle.

Zoey Simone’s elegant vegan shoes are made by multi-generational, expert shoemakers who value traditional craftsmanship, reinforcing the designer’s commitment to a slow fashion approach.

4. Rungg Shoes – Vegan slippers.

Rungg Shoes Vegan Leather Slippers
Rungg ‘Radiance’ slippers.

With mythological emblems of ancient-old Asian history beautifully embroidered with exceptional artisanal techniques, Rungg’s vegan shoes depict a brighter and happier tomorrow.

Descendants of a long-lost world of forgotten shamanic tribes, Rungg’s luxury vegan slippers come in unparalleled blends of colors and textures, as treasures of nature and the human soul.

5. Kweder – Vegan heels.

Kweder Vegan Leather Heels
Kweder ‘Macalle Chanel’ peep-toe heels.

Kweder is a high-end Italian designer label characterized by original and colorful designs depicting the glamourous Sicilian lifestyle and culture.

Weekly Newsletter. Sign Up Now!

Celebrities, designers, and latest news in sustainable fashion.

Weekly Newsletter

Keep up with the latest in fashion, beauty and style!

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Inspired by the natural beauty of the island and its mythological past, the brand’s vegan shoes come alive under the spell of breathtaking scenes of mountains and sea views.

Moreover, every single piece is traditionally made by local master artisans.

Now it’s your turn…

What’s the best thing you’ve learned about vegan leather in this article?

What’s your favorite type of vegan leather and why?

Do you prefer vegan leather shoes and jackets over animal leather? If yes, why?

Do you think is there anything I did not include in this article about vegan leather?

Would love to know your thoughts and comments below!

Mandy Meyer
Mandy Meyer
After years of managing hundreds of fashion brands from London's office of a global retailer, Mandy has ventured into freelancing. Connected with several fashion retailers and media platforms in the US, Australia, and the UK, Mandy uses her expertise to consult for emerging fashion brands create top-notch content as an editorial strategist for several online publications.

Similar Articles


  1. Thank you for your hard work investigating in-depth, Vegan Leather! Your piece was not only informative, easy reading but well written in such a concise manner! Something that most with very little time can quickly process! Mahalo Nui Loa


  3. Enjoyed your article a lot – what are your thoughts on the Vegan purses made by ‘House of Want’? I am still trying to find out if they use plants in their production – the label says PETA approved Vegan but that still doesn’t mean they used vegetables and I can’t seem to get any details off their website.
    If you have any info, I’d really appreciate it.

  4. interesting leather, i find the pros to outweigh the cons tbh. if you are shopping from the right place, the quality and prices are a huge pro in the list. you might want to check out Jilolo Store as they have really great products and rates. here’s a link to their site;

  5. I used to be a big buyer of animal leather luxury goods, from handbags to high heels and long coats. But, after witnessing the horrors of tanneries, and other animal cruelty here in Russia, I’ve decided to shift and go all vegan leather. This article helped me a lot to understand the vegan movement, the types of vegan leather, and so on. Thanks a lot for this!

  6. So much to learn about different types of vegan leather in this article. Until now, the only type of leather alternative I knew of was PVC leather, but now I am blown away at how many eco-friendly alternatives are available. Thanks a lot for the info!

  7. I’ve learned from this article about vegan leather more than in 4 years at the university and 3 years in a vegan food startup!!!

  8. Most of what is advertised as vegan leather is NOT eco-friendly, even compared to real leather. That’s an uncomfortable reality. Although there’re a few alternatives to real leather that aren’t made from plastic, it is naive to think that what is marketed as “vegan leather” in everyday consumer products is made of cactus or mushroom leather.

  9. When I was a vegan, I tried to avoid any animal leather or fur. But unfortunately, the alternatives are not much better for the environment. It is a dilemma ethically, to be honest. for example, you can argue that leather products for fashion that are made from animals being raised for food are morally acceptable, compared to animals raised only for their hides and skin. It’s not saving the food animals, but it’s at least not generating more waste and it’s more environmentally friendly. That’s where I drew my line!

  10. The perfect solution is to only buy used leather products. No carbon imprint, no extra waste, and most importantly, no new animals are harmed.

  11. To those arguing against vegan leather, animal leather isn’t eco-friendly at all! A lot of chemicals are used to treat it so it won’t just rot away. It’s not even biodegradable because of the tanning process. At least for vegan leather, no animals are killed!

  12. I think vegan leather is plastic. It’s a deceitful marketing euphemism used as a keyword to get cheap, plastic shoes and jackets to come up in Google search for leather products (something like Naugahyde or Ultrasuede was in the past). I don’t think anyone buys ‘vegan leather’ for ethical reasons. People who are concerned about not wearing leather tend to buy biodegradable fabric alternatives, not plastic.

    I find the term vegan leather obnoxious, personally.

  13. I am starting my own vegan leather brand that makes iPhone, iPad, and Macbook vegan leather covers. What is the cheapest and easiest to work with vegan leather out there right now? Some of my friends recommend mushroom leather but I find the apple leather and the cactus leather a bit more appealing (luxurious) so what shall I choose?

  14. Great article, very specific and thorough in introducing the difference between animal leather, vegan leather, and vegetable leather. Cork leather is one of the most popular leathers, and HZCORK is the manufacturer of cork leather, please check our site out as well.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.