This Is How Many Vegans Are In The World Right Now (2021 Update)

How many vegans are in the world right now, in 2021?

For the last sixty years, veganism has been the minority of another minority; vegetarianism.

But, for the last four years, we’ve seen these ‘minorities’ taking over the world.

In this article you’ll find out:

  • The definition of ‘veganism’.
  • Top vegan countries in the world right now.
  • The total percentage of vegans in the world, in 2021.

Without further ado….

…What is Veganism?

The term ‘vegan’ was coined in 1944 by Donald Watson, co-founder of ‘the Vegan Society’.

Initially, the term was used to describe ‘non-dairy vegetarians’.

However, in 1951 the Vegan Society has updated the definition to:…“exclude all forms of animal exploitation…”

The definition of veganism.
The definition of VEGANISM according to the ‘Vegan Society’.

Nowadays, the term vegan encapsulates several variations around animal exploitation and the consumption of animal-based products (food, fashion, etc.)

For more details on that, see the end of the article.

From Vegetarian To Vegan

The transition from vegetarians to vegans has been accelerated by global movements such as ‘Veganuary’.

The movement encourages people to try vegan products for ‘January and beyond’ and has grown five times since its launch in 2014.

nr of vegan people in the world in 2020
The number of people signing to ‘Veganuary’ campaign. Source: BBC.

Similarly, Google search for ‘veganism’ has seen an increase of 580 percent, over the last five years.

The term has received, at the end of 2019, almost five times more interest than the ‘vegetarian’ and ‘cruelty-free’ searches combined.

nr of vegans in the world -
The term ‘vegan’ is 5 times up when compared to similar terms.

According to The Economist’, only 3.4 percent of Americans were vegetarian in 2015.

From those, only 0.4 percent were vegans.

A similar survey run in Japan in 2014 showed that 4.7 percent of the population was vegetarian.

However, only 2.7 percent identified as vegans.

The transition from vegetarians to vegans has been so profound that last year (2019), was declared by The Economist ‘The Year of the Vegan’.

Right now, the total number of vegans, vegetarians, and all related categories, is close to 14 percent of the world population.

Before we look at the total number of vegans in the world, let’s see their distribution in the US, UK, India, and Australia.

Number Of Vegans In The US

In the US, the number of vegans went up 0.4 percent to almost 3.5 percent in the last two years or so.

According to the ‘Vegetarianism in America’ study published by Vegetarian Times Magazine, the percentage of vegans in the US is rising fast.

Number of vegetarians in the US
7.3 million Americans are vegetarians.

Right now, there are about 9.7 million people in the US following a vegetarian-based diet.

However, only 1 million of them – that’s approximately 0.5 percent – lead a purely vegan lifestyle.

Number of Vegans In UK 2020

Similarly, the number of vegans in the U.K. has quadrupled over the last five years.

According to the ‘The Food & You’ survey run by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and the National Centre for Social Science Research, there were 150,000 vegans in 2014.

veganism search in the UK
The number of searches for the ‘veganism’ topic in the UK, over the last five years.

Right now, there are around 720,000 vegans in the U.K. counting as almost 1.2 percent of the country’s total population.

Number of Vegans In India

According to a UN FAO report, Indian has the lowest rate of meat consumption in the world, thanks to its religion (Hinduism).

With a total population of 1.2 billion people, the Hindus make for the majority at nearly 44 percent.

Number of vegetarians in India
Indian vegetarians (percentage distribution) according to the National Family Health Survey of 2019.

As such, there are around 500 million vegetarians in India, in 2020.

However, only 1 percent of Hindus are strict vegans, so the total number of vegans in India is approx 5 million.

Number of Vegans In Australia

According to an ‘ABC Australia Talks’ National Survey, only 1 percent of Australians identify as vegans.

From the total number of 25,788 people who participated in the survey, 3 percent stated they’re vegetarian.

Percentage of vegans in Australia
Only 1 percent of Australians are vegans, according to a 2019 study by ABC Radio.

However, an overwhelming 89 percent of the national survey’s respondents said they were meat-eaters.

Other Countries With Large Numbers of Vegans

To understand Bette the vegan population growth, we must look at how vegans spread across other ‘representative’ countries.

The following figures were compiled from local reports and studies, and include both, diet and ethical vegans.

  • Austria in 2013 – according to a report conducted by the Kurier, there were 0.5 percent estimated vegans.
  • Canada 2018 – a Canadian survey has estimated that 2.1 percent of Canadian adults were considering themselves vegans.
  • Germany 2016 – a study run by the German Nutrition Society has estimated that almost 1 percent of the population (a bit over 810,000) were vegans.
  • Israel 2015 – according to a survey conducted by Globes and Israel’s Channel 2 News, 5 percent of Israelis were following a vegan lifestyle.
  • Italy 2016 – According to the Italian Research Institute, Euripses, 1 percent of the Italian population was vegan that year. Since then, the number has decreased.
  • Sweden 2014 – A poll run by Demoskop showed that 4 percent of respondents were vegan.
  • Switzerland 2017 – according to research run by DemoSCOPE, 3 percent of the population was estimated to be vegan.

Number of Vegans In The World 2020

Based on the above figures – adjusted with the speed of growth and other comparative statistics – the approximate number of vegans in the world is less than 1 percent of the world population.

Based on the most recent United Nations estimates the world population in 2021 is 7.9 billion.

Therefore, as of January 2021, the total number of vegans in the world is approx 79 million.

Are Vegans Taking Over?

Current data shows that the number of vegans continues to rise, at an accelerated rate.

veganism adverts in London underground

  • The number of vegans in the U.S. grew by 600 percent from 4 million in 2014 to 20 million in 2018.
  • Between 2011 and 2016, Italy had the fastest-growing vegan population with a growth of 94.4 percent.
  • According to Google Trends, the U.K. was the country most interested in ‘veganism’ in 2019, followed by Australia, and New Zealand.

However, to ‘take over the world’, the vegan growth we’ve seen over the last four-five years will have to continue for at least three decades.

Different Kinds Of Vegans?

In simple terms, a vegan is a person that abstains from using any animal-based products.

But, the advent of veganism into fashion has split vegans into:

Vegans by DIET and vegans by LIFESTYLE

vegan fashion week
Vegan Fashion Week catwalk, 2019.

Vegans by diet are also known as dietary vegans or strict vegetarians.

Their main concern is the avoidance of animal-derived products such as meat, eggs, and dairy products, from their diet.

The lifestyle vegans are also known as ethical vegans or moral vegetarians.

They extend the vegan philosophy beyond diets, into as many as possible areas of their lives.

Vegan fashion, in particular, has become very important to this segment of vegans.


Regardless of classification criteria, reasons, or types, the number of vegans in the world is on the rise.

We see significant pro-veganism movements in Western countries, Eastern Europe, Australia, and Israel.

Moreover, as cultures and landscapes change for the better, veganism has started to gain momentum in Latin America, Asia, and Africa as well.

Finally, if the movement maintains the current rate of growth, over the next ten years, at least 1 in 10 people will be vegan.

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  1. Umm I’m pretty sure India has 1.38 Billion not 1.2 Billion. 1.2 Billion data is of 2011.
    Also, percentage of Hindus is 79.8 not 44 percent as you mentioned. The percentage of Hindi speaking people is 44 percent. Hindi and Hindu are very different things, I hope you understand that one is a language and other is a religion.

  2. The number of vegans in Australia must be much higher now – Vegans in Australia Facebook group has over 60,000 members and that’s only a Facebook group.

    I’m surprised how many people I speak to at Speakers Corner are not on Facebook, about 90% of the people I get to ask so that implies the number of vegans in Australia must be at least 10 times higher than 60,000.

  3. I’m more interested to know more about the sustainability aspect of veganism. There are compelling arguments on both sides, but I believe veganism is the way forward when it comes to climate change.

    • I think you are right! I cannot imagine in God’s world the slaughter of animals for eating purposes! I can imagine lacto-vegetarians, although I am a vegan. If an animal tried to harm me I might think differently. But they never do!

  4. My wife and i have been so contented
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  5. Could you please share the sources you used on the numbers of vegetarians and vegans in different parts of the world?

  6. Veganism is finally going mainstream! Here in Scotland, the Scottish government agreed to include plant-based milk alternatives on a government-funded nursery and early learning milk scheme from August 2021! How amazing is that?

  7. The health impact of veganism is massive. many studies show how a vegan diet can lower cholesterol levels, decrease the chance of cancer, and help in managing diabetes. If the world go vegan, we could save 8 million human lives by 2050.

    • But with those studies is that correlation or causation because the type of person that would have a vegan lifestyle is more likely to be healthy in other ways and they are more likely to be wealthy and wealth has been shown to help health outcomes.

  8. The vegan stats and estimates are quite limited. How come there aren’t any other studies on the number of vegans besides The Vegan Society reports?! Does anyone know any other source?

  9. Despite all the benefits of veganism for the animals and (arguably) the environment, I really think that vegan diet is not for everybody. It very much depends on the genetics of your body. That being said, I think we can solve that problem through modern agriculture and tech-based food production (see ‘Modern Meadow’ for example).

  10. Thanks for the detailed report. though we can’t talk about the number of vegans and not about the animals. Since early 1970, the number of free-living animals has declined by more than 80%. Instead, a small number of farmed animals (mainly cows and pigs) dominate the global biomass. They account for 60% of mammal species by mass, 36% goes to humans, and only 4% are free-living animals. A bit shocking how we have altered our environment and affected the biosphere, not for good!

  11. It is a trend. Social media is now packed with so-called “vegan influencers”. Just type #vegan in Insta and there are more than 100 million posts! But I reckon how many people really believe in that?

  12. Hello there, me again 😀 A bit off-topic, but could someone explain the difference between vegetarian and vegan, in particular in fashion? I’ve seen many terms used which are confusing, like vegan leather, vegetarian leather, and vegetarian tanned leather

    • The difference between vegans and vegetarians is this:vegans are strict vegetarians(nothing animal, no honey, no eggs, no dairy, no leather etc), when there are all types of vegetarians, some may eat honey, dairy, eggs, and use leather.

    • Sorry, you’re absolutely wrong. Now Indian Population is 1.38 billion people. 19% Indian people are vegan or semi vegan and 7% are pure vegan. 32% Indian are pure vegetarian. Some Others are lacto vegetarian, semi vegetarian, ovvo vegetarian etc.. And rest of all are non-vegetarian. 44% hindu people are vegetarian, [(59% Indian are speak Hindi language. Hindi and Hindu aren’t same thing. Hindi is most spoken language and Hindu is 3rd biggest religion in the World and in India it’s number 1 biggest religion.)] 8-10% Muslim are vegetarian, 7% Christian are vegetarian, 59% Shikh are vegetarian, 97% Jain are vegetarian, 39% Boudha are vegetarian, 67% parsi are vegetarian….
      Most of vegan and vegetarian people are live in West and Northern west India. And most of non-vegetarian are live in East, Northeast and Southern India. India is least meat eaters country in the World. 2nd is Bangladesh. East neighbour country of India. India is least meat eating country because 77% or more non-vegetarian people out of total 100% are also love to eating more vegetables and fruits in daily basis. Indian meat eaters aren’t like western meat eaters. (Especially American and Australian meat eaters)……

  13. The market for vegan products is way higher than this though. Many non-vegans (even meat-eaters) are now trying vegan diet and products since for their health benefits.

  14. Best to be Vegan, if not strict Vegetarian. Just don’t eat murdered animals or their derivatives (gelatine, stock, tallow -fats and oils, nor any food cross-contaminated pertinently) and your conscience will elevate. Avoid replacements like dairy and eggs, when possible though pray/think in grace whenever consuming these items…

  15. I’ve been a vegan for 30 years and I’m a 70 year old female whose also an animal activist. By being vegan the correct way you enjoy bountiful health and save the environment from climate change. Plus save millions of animals suffering till death on factory farms. I’m in perfect health and guilt free for the rest of my life

  16. That’s beautiful! Praise the lord! I don’t consider eating them. I remember what someone said,”feed us what you are feeding the animals don’t feed us the animals or any animal ingredients!


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