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Black Tie Dress Code – Complete Gents Styling Guide by Event Type

What is Black Tie Attire?

Generally represented as the iconic tuxedo, the black tie is a formal dress code that consists of a black jacket with satin or grosgrain lapels, matching trousers, a white dress shirt, and a black bow tie.

Conferring the wearer with an air of prestige and glamour, the black-tie dress code is reserved for sophisticated and elegant evening events.

Old Money style tuxedo

The Tuxedo

The foundation of the black tie dress code is the tuxedo, which consists of several parts, with the jacket as the centrepiece.

What is Black tie dress code

Most tuxedo jackets are made from a mohair or fine wool blend and have satin or grosgrain lapels, buttons, and single vent or double vents at the back.

Black tie jacket materials
Black tie jacket materials

The jacket lapels come in three classic styles: peak, shawl, and notched. Peak lapels are the most formal and traditional choice for black-tie events.

The Black-Tie Jacket
Three types of lapels for black tie jackets: Notch, Peak, Shawl

The tuxedo trousers must be made from the same fabric as the jacket, with a satin or grosgrain stripe running down the outer seam of each leg for a touch of elegance and distinction.

Black tie pants

White Dress Shirt

The jacket and trousers are accompanied by a white dress shirt with a turndown collar, French cuffs, and a bib front with either pleats or piqué fabric adorned with mother-of-pearl studs and cufflinks.

Black tie shirt dress
Black tie shirt dress

Bow tie, Dress socks, and Pocket square

The outfit is complemented by a black silk bow tie,

Black tie bow tie

black silk dress socks, Black tie socks

and a white pocket square folded neatly and placed in the jacket’s breast pocket.

Black tie Tomford Pocket Square

Cummerbund or Waistcoat

The outfit is completed with a cummerbund or a waistcoat. Both cummerbunds and waistcoats (vests) are acceptable accessories for black tie attire.

A cummerbund is a pleated sash worn around the waist, while a waistcoat is a formal vest that covers the torso.

  • Cummerbunds are typically made of silk or satin and come in various colours, though black is the most traditional choice. They are worn with the pleats facing up and can add a touch of texture to your ensemble.

Cummerbund for black tie outfit

  • Waistcoats are usually made of the same fabric as your tuxedo, providing a more polished, structured look. They can be single- or double-breasted and may have lapels or a shawl collar.

Black Tie Waistcoat

When choosing between a cummerbund and a waistcoat, consider the event’s formality and your style preference. Waistcoats are generally considered more formal, while cummerbunds offer a classic, streamlined look.

Dress Watches

A dress watch is an essential accessory for a black-tie event.

Choose a sleek, understated watch with a simple black or white face and a leather strap. Some recommended brands and styles include:

  • Cartier Tank Solo: A classic, rectangular dress watch with a timeless design.
  • Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Ultra Thin Moon: An elegant, slim dress watch with a moon phase complication.
  • IWC Portofino Automatic: A refined, round dress watch with a clean, minimalist dial.
  • Rolex Cellini: A sophisticated dress watch with a sleek, polished case and a traditional leather strap.

Black tie Cartier Watch

When selecting a dress watch, look for a timepiece with a slim profile that will easily slip under your shirt cuff.

Avoid oversized or chunky watches that may detract from the formality of your black tie attire.

Shirt studs and cufflinks are small but significant details that can elevate your black tie look.

These accessories come in various materials, colours, and designs, allowing you to express your style.

  • Mother-of-pearl studs and cufflinks are a classic choice that complements any tuxedo. They have a subtle radiance that adds depth and elegance to your ensemble.
  • Onyx studs and cufflinks offer a sleek, modern look with a touch of sophistication. The deep black colour pairs well with a traditional black tuxedo.
  • Gold or silver studs and cufflinks can add a luxurious touch to your outfit. Choose a subtle, polished design that won’t overpower your look.
  • Novelty studs and cufflinks, such as those featuring unique shapes or personal monograms, can be a fun way to express your personality. However, keep the design tasteful and appropriate for the event’s formality.

Black Tie Cufflinks

When selecting shirt studs and cufflinks, consider the overall style of your tuxedo and the event’s tone.

Select classic, understated designs for a more formal occasion, and feel free to experiment with more unique styles for a creative black tie event or a festive celebration.

Black Tie Dress Shoes

The outfit is finished with black patent leather shoes complemented by black silk dress socks; Oxford shoes or opera pumps with a plain toe cap and a high shine are the most appropriate options.

Black patent leather shoes are the traditional choice for black tie events.

Black tie shoes

Invest in a pair of high-quality Oxford shoes like the Carmina Patent Leather Oxford Shoes or the John Lobb City II Oxford Shoes.

Ensure that your shoes are well-polished and free from scuffs or scratches. To achieve a high shine, use a premium shoe polish like Saphir Medaille d’Or Pate de Luxe Wax Polish.

The Origin of Black Tie

The origins of the black tie dress code can be traced back to the mid-19th century.

In 1865, the Tuxedo Club in New York adopted a shorter dinner jacket as an alternative to the formal tailcoat. The style gained popularity and became known as the tuxedo.

Edwardian era fashion
Edwardian-era fashion (image courtesy: unknown)

British King Edward VII (then the Prince of Wales) adopted the shorter dinner jacket – as a comfortable alternative to the court’s formal wear – for informal dinners at his Sandringham estate, further cementing the tuxedo’s place in men’s fashion.

Edward VII fashion and dressing style
Edward VII’s dressing style

Knowing and wearing the correct black tie dress code is crucial for gentlemen attending formal events as a way of respecting the hosts, guests, and occasion.

Moreover, black tie attire is any man’s ultimate tool to project refinement, confidence, style, and impeccable taste.

Black Tie Vs. White Tie

While both Black Tie and White Tie are formal, the white tie is the most formal and elaborate.

White tie attire consists of a black tailcoat with a white waistcoat, a white wing-collar shirt, and a white bow tie.

Black tie vs White tie outfits
Black Tie vs White Tie

In contrast, black tie attire is slightly less formal and features a black tuxedo jacket with matching trousers, a white dress shirt, and a black bow tie.

The black-tie dress code is more commonly encountered in modern times, while white-tie events are rarer and typically reserved for the most prestigious occasions, such as state dinners or royal ceremonies.

Black Tie Occasions and Outfit Ideas

While the black tie dress code is ideal for formal evening events, each occasion has its unique character and atmosphere.

Pay attention to each occasion’s specific requirements and expectations so you can adapt your black tie attire to suit the event while still maintaining the core principles of the dress code.

Opera or Theatre Opening Night

Wear a classic black tuxedo with peak lapels, opera pumps, black onyx cufflinks, and a white pocket square in a presidential fold to create a subtle hint of luxurious refinement.

An opera or theatre opening night is a highly formal and cultured event, so for an extra touch of formality, wear a top hat at the arrival and during the intermission.

Gala Dinner

A gala dinner is a formal event that raises funds for a charitable cause or celebrates a special occasion.

Wear a black tuxedo with a shawl collar – the rounded lapels soften the look while maintaining formality – and a black silk pocket square in a puff fold.

Complement with patent leather Oxford shoes, a white dress shirt, and mother-of-pearl cufflinks for a sleek appearance.

Charity Ball

Most charity balls have a “Creative Black Tie” dress code, allowing slight deviations from the traditional black tie attire.

Wear a velvet tuxedo jacket in a rich jewel tone, such as midnight blue or emerald green, paired with velvet slippers in a coordinating colour, a patterned bow tie, a pocket square set, and mother-of-pearl cufflinks.


Wear a well-tailored black tuxedo with a peak or notch lapel and black wholecut Oxford shoes to create a streamlined and elegant look.

Match with a white boutonniere, such as a white rose or stephanotis, to honour the wedding theme and personalised cufflinks featuring the wedding date or the couple’s initials for a sentimental touch.

Awards Ceremony

Wear a black tuxedo with grosgrain lapels to add a touch of texture and visual interest, and black patent leather derby shoes to strike the perfect balance between formality and comfort.

Adorn with a white silk pocket square with a black border in a square fold is a refined choice that complements the tuxedo and black and silver cufflinks for a touch of understated luxury.

Cruise Ship Formal Night

Formal nights on cruise ships are an excellent opportunity to embrace the romance and elegance of ocean travel.

A classic black tuxedo with a peaked lapel is a timeless choice that suits the occasion.

Black patent leather monk strap shoes add a modern twist while maintaining formality while a patterned silk pocket square in a puff fold adds a touch of visual interest.

Finish with black and gold cufflinks for a luxurious accent that complements the ship’s opulent surroundings.

New Year’s Eve Party

The New Year’s Eve party is a festive occasion that calls for a celebratory and stylish look.

Start with a velvet tuxedo jacket in black or a rich jewel tone and black patent leather Chelsea boots as a modern and streamlined alternative to traditional dress shoes.

Adorn with a black and gold pocket watch worn with a chain and fob to create a touch of vintage charm – it’ll also serve as a conversation starter as the clock strikes midnight.

Black Tie Faux Pas to Avoid

While the black tie dress code offers some room for personal expression, certain guidelines should be followed to maintain the integrity and formality of the occasion.

By avoiding these common faux pas, a gentleman can ensure that he presents himself in the best possible light.

Wearing a regular suit instead of a tuxedo

No matter how well-tailored, a black suit is not an acceptable substitute for a tuxedo at a black-tie event.

The satin or grosgrain lapels, buttons, and trim on a tuxedo set it apart from a regular suit and are essential components of the black tie dress code.

Neglecting the fit of the tuxedo

A poorly fitted tuxedo can ruin the overall appearance of the ensemble.

Ensure that the jacket fits well across the shoulders, the sleeves are the proper length, and the pants are hemmed to the appropriate height.

If necessary, have your tuxedo tailored to achieve the perfect fit.

Wearing a pre-tied or clip-on bow tie

A pre-tied or clip-on bow tie is a significant faux pas in black tie.

Always opt for a self-tie bow tie and learn how to tie it properly.

The slight imperfections in a self-tied bow tie add character and charm to the overall look.

Choosing the wrong footwear

Wearing shoes other than black patent leather or highly polished black leather is a common mistake.

Avoid wearing regular dress shoes, loafers, or any footwear with a matte finish.

Stick to the traditional choices of Opera pumps, Oxford shoes, or Derby shoes in black patent leather.

Incorporating overly flashy accessories

While some personal expression is encouraged, avoid wearing accessories that are too flashy or draw excessive attention.

Keep your accessories simple and elegant. Stick to classic, understated pieces such as a white pocket square, simple cufflinks, and an elegant dress watch.

Wearing a wristwatch with a metal bracelet

A metal bracelet watch is too casual for a black-tie event.

Opt for a dress watch with a leather strap or a simple, elegant timepiece that complements your tuxedo.

Forgoing the cummerbund or waistcoat

Wearing a tuxedo without a cummerbund or waistcoat leaves the waistband of the trousers exposed, which is considered a faux pas.

Always choose one of these accessories to create a polished and complete look.

Wearing a tuxedo with a notch lapel to a highly formal event

While a notch lapel is acceptable for some black tie occasions, it is considered less formal than a peak or shawl lapel.

For the most formal events, such as state dinners or royal ceremonies, wear a peak lapel tuxedo.

Seasonal Variations for Black Tie Attire

While the core principles of black tie remain constant throughout the year, some seasonal variations must be considered when choosing fabrics and accessories.

Black Tie Dress Code in the Summer

During the warmer months, wear breathable fabrics such as tropical-weight wool, mohair blends, or even linen blends.

These materials will keep you cool and comfortable without sacrificing style.

For a classic summer look, consider a white or ivory dinner jacket paired with black tuxedo trousers.

A pleated front shirt with a turndown collar is a stylish choice for summer black-tie events.

In summer, accessorise with silk or linen pocket squares in a light colour or pattern to complement your tuxedo.

A simple boutonniere, such as a white rose or a lavender sprig, adds freshness to your look.

Black Tie Dress Code in the Winter

For colder weather, choose heavier fabrics such as wool or velvet for your tuxedo.

A velvet dinner jacket in a rich jewel tone, such as burgundy or midnight blue, is a sophisticated choice for winter black tie occasions.

A black wool or cashmere overcoat is a stylish and practical addition to your ensemble when travelling to and from events.

A classic white Marcella shirt with French cuffs is a timeless choice for a winter black tie.

In winter, accessorise with a wool or cashmere scarf in a dark colour and a white silk pocket square with a dark border.

Grooming Tips for Black Tie Events

Proper grooming is essential for a polished black tie appearance, along with a well-fitted tuxedo.

Follow these grooming tips to ensure that you look your best.

Your hair should be neat, clean, and styled in a classic, conservative manner.

Consider a traditional side part or a slicked-back style using a high-quality pomade like Baxter of California’s Clay Pomade or Layrite’s Super Hold Pomade.

If you have facial hair, ensure it is well-groomed and trimmed using a precision trimmer like the Wahl Lithium Ion+ Stainless Steel Grooming Kit.

Cleanse and moisturise your skin using a gentle cleanser like Cetaphil Daily Facial Cleanser and a lightweight, non-greasy moisturiser like Jack Black’s Double-Duty Face Moisturiser.

Use a light foundation or concealer like Tom Ford’s Concealer for Men to even out your skin tone and cover any blemishes.

Your nails should be clean, trimmed, and well-manicured. Use a nail clipper and file to achieve a neat, uniform length.

Use a cuticle oil like Burt’s Bees Lemon Butter Cuticle Cream to keep your cuticles moisturised and healthy-looking. Avoid wearing nail polish or any other unconventional nail treatments.

Choose a classic, understated fragrance that complements your style, such as Creed Aventus, Tom Ford Noir de Noir, or Dior Sauvage.

Apply fragrance sparingly, focusing on pulse points like the wrists and neck. Remember, the scent should be subtle and not overpowering.

Black Tie Sprezzatura – Personalising Your Look

While the black tie dress code is steeped in tradition and formality, there is still room for personal expression and style.

The Italian concept of sprezzatura, or the art of making the difficult look effortless, can be applied to parts of your black tie outfit to add a touch of individuality and flair.

Pocket Squares

Pocket squares are excellent for introducing a splash of colour or pattern to your tuxedo.

While a classic white silk pocket square is always appropriate, experiment with burgundy, navy, or emerald green to complement your tuxedo.

Patterned pocket squares, such as polka dots or paisley, add visual interest when folded neatly in a puff or one-point fold.

Bow Ties

Although a black silk bow tie is the traditional choice for a black tie, you can subtly your unique style by wearing a textured or patterned bow tie.

A black bow tie with a subtle jacquard weave or a tone-on-tone pattern like a houndstooth or herringbone can add depth to your look.

For a more daring approach, wear a bow tie in a deep, rich colour like burgundy or midnight blue.

Cufflinks and shirt studs are another great opportunity to showcase your taste subtly.

Try cufflinks and studs that reflect your style, such as vintage-inspired designs, modern geometric shapes, or luxe materials like mother-of-pearl or onyx.

Incorporate your personal touch, like monogrammed initials or a meaningful symbol.


While black patent leather shoes are the classic choice for black ties, you can add a touch of sprezzatura by opting for a unique shoe style or material.

For a dandyish twist, wear black velvet slippers with a traditional embroidered motif, like a crown or crest.

Alternatively, black patent leather double monk strap shoes can add a modern edge to your ensemble.

Lapel Pins

A lapel pin is a subtle way to add a touch of personal style to your tuxedo.

Consider a classic buttonhole flower, like a white carnation or a red rose, for a timeless and elegant look.

Alternatively, a small, understated lapel pin in gold or silver can add a hint of sophistication.

Choose a design that reflects your interests, such as a musical note, a sailing knot, or a favourite animal.

Unconventional Tuxedo Colours

While a black tuxedo is the core choice for black tie events, you can express your unique style by wearing a tuxedo in a non-traditional colour.

A midnight blue tuxedo is a classic alternative that appears black under artificial light but has a subtle, sophisticated blue hue in natural light.

For a bolder look, consider a deep burgundy or forest green tuxedo paired with black trousers and accessories.

Common Questions About Black Tie

Can I wear a regular suit instead of a tuxedo?

No, a regular suit is not an acceptable substitute for a tuxedo at a black-tie event.

The defining characteristics of a tuxedo, such as satin or grosgrain lapels, trim, and buttons, set it apart from a regular suit and are essential components of the black tie dress code.

Are there any acceptable colour variations for black tie attire?

While black is the traditional colour for a tuxedo, there are some acceptable variations.

Midnight blue is a classic alternative that appears black under artificial light but has a subtle, sophisticated blue hue in natural light.

In some cases, such as a creative black tie event or a festive holiday party, a tuxedo in a deep, rich colour like burgundy or forest green may be appropriate.

However, it’s essential to use discretion and ensure that the colour choice is suitable for the specific event and venue.

How do I know if an event is a black or black tie optional?

The dress code for an event will typically be specified on the invitation or event website.

If an event is designated as a “black tie,” it means that a tuxedo is required for men.

If an event is “black tie optional,” it means that a tuxedo is preferred, but a dark suit and tie are also acceptable.

When in doubt, it’s best to err on the side of formality and wear a tuxedo.

What should I do if I don’t own a tuxedo?

If you don’t own a tuxedo, you have several options:

Rent a tuxedo: Many formalwear shops offer tuxedo rentals for a fraction of the cost of purchasing one.

Be sure to rent from a reputable store and reserve your tuxedo well in advance of the event.

  • Buy a tuxedo: If you anticipate attending several black tie events in the future, investing in a high-quality tuxedo may be worthwhile. Look for a classic lightweight wool or mohair blend style for versatility and comfort.
  • Borrow a tuxedo: If you have a friend or family member who is a similar size and owns a tuxedo, you may be able to borrow one for the event. Be sure to have the tuxedo cleaned and pressed before returning it.


Mastering the black tie dress code is essential for any gentleman who wants to navigate formal occasions with style and confidence.

By understanding the key components of a traditional black tie ensemble, exploring ways to personalise your look, and staying attuned to the specific requirements of each event, you can create a timeless and sophisticated appearance that showcases your unique sense of style.

If you are still confused about the black tie dress code or need personalised guidance, our stylists will help you curate the perfect black tie ensemble or select the most suitable tuxedo.

Elevate your black-tie style now – schedule your appointment with The Vou and experience the difference of personalised styling services.

With over twenty years of front-row fashion and styling events, collabs with haute-couture houses, and a PhD in Luxury Fashion, Laurenti is an expert in crafting personalized looks that depict old-money sophistication.

With years of expertise in high-end fashion collabs and a PhD in Sustainable Fashion, Ru specializes in curating eco-luxe wardrobes for the modern gentleman seeking understated refinement.

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  1. Thanks a lot for such a superb post about black tie outfits and the secret of how to wear them. I truly thank your efforts in bringing this information to us, keep us updated with excellent posts like this

  2. For women it must be Chanel, a little black dress from Chanel is the best outfit for a red carpet event. For men, go with a black tie suit from Moschino or Versace.

  3. The black-tie dress code is the limelight of formal clothing as it enhances the whole look brilliantly. Thanks for sharing important tips like what socks, shoes, and hairstyle will go with this look.


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