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How to Choose and Style Dress Shoes – Men’s Complete Guide

Nothing is more crucial than a pair of well-chosen and impeccably styled dress shoes in formal and professional men’s attire.

These refined footwear options are not just accessories but powerful statements of style, success, and status.

Whether stepping into a boardroom, attending a black-tie gala, or making a lasting impression on a first date, choosing dress shoes can make or break your entire ensemble.

But what exactly are dress shoes, and why are they so crucial to a man’s wardrobe?

Let’s dive into the world of elegant footwear and discover how knowing how to choose and style dress shoes can transform your appearance and, potentially, your life.

What Are Dress Shoes?

Dress shoes, also known as formal footwear or gentlemen’s shoes, are a category of shoes designed for formal and semi-formal occasions.

The dress shoe’s roots are in the early 19th century, when the Industrial Revolution introduced mass production techniques, allowing for more intricate and refined shoe designs.

This elegant shoe is made from high-quality materials (mostly leather) and has a sleek silhouette and meticulous craftsmanship.

Unlike casual footwear, dress shoes prioritise style and formality over comfort, though modern designs strive to balance both.

Types of Dress Shoes

Before we delve into the specifics of each type, let’s take a look at the main categories of dress shoes and how they compare to similar, less formal options:

Dress Shoe Key Features Formality Less Formal Option
Oxford Closed lacing system, sleek silhouette Highest Derby
Derby Open lacing system, slightly more relaxed look High to Medium Blucher
Monk Strap No laces, buckle closure High to Medium Loafer
Brogue Decorative perforations Medium to High Wingtip Sneaker
Loafer Slip-on style, no laces Medium Moccasin
Wholecut Made from a single piece of leather High Minimalist Sneaker

Why Dress Shoes Are Important

Understanding how to choose and style dress shoes is more than just a fashion statement—it’s a powerful tool for personal and professional success.

First Impressions Matter
Your shoes are often one of the first things people notice about your appearance.

A pair of well-chosen, polished dress shoes can instantly elevate your look, projecting an image of success and attention to detail.

Professional Advancement
In many industries, particularly those with client-facing roles or corporate environments, appropriate footwear is crucial.

The right dress shoes can help you fit in with (or stand out from) executives and decision-makers, potentially opening doors for career advancement.

Confidence Boost
When you know you look good from head to toe, it shows in your demeanour.

The right pair of dress shoes can give you the confidence to tackle important meetings, presentations, or social events confidently.

Styling Versatility
A well-curated collection of dress shoes allows you to transition from day to night, work to play, and casual to formal settings.

This versatility ensures you’re always appropriately dressed, no matter the occasion.

Investment Shoes
Unlike fast fashion items, quality dress shoes are an investment that can last for years with proper care.

This demonstrates financial savvy and an appreciation for craftsmanship—qualities often associated with successful individuals.

As we explore each type of dress shoe in detail, you’ll gain the knowledge to select and style these essential pieces of gentlemen’s footwear.

By the end of this guide, you’ll be well-equipped to make informed decisions about your formal footwear, ensuring you always put your best foot forward—literally and figuratively.

All Dress Shoe Types for Men

Understanding the different types of dress shoes is crucial for building a versatile and stylish wardrobe.

Each style has its unique characteristics and appropriate occasions for wear.

Let’s explore the main types of dress shoes and how to style them effectively.

Oxford Shoes

Key Features Best For Formality
Closed lacing system, sleek silhouette Formal events, business formal attire Highest

Oxford shoes are the gold standard of formal footwear.

Characterised by a closed lacing system, where the eyelet tabs are stitched under the vamp, Oxfords have a sleek appearance that pairs perfectly with suits and tuxedos.

Oxfords for a Classic Formal Look

Imagine you’re attending a high-profile charity gala and want to exude confidence and sophistication.

Start with a pair of high-shine black Oxford shoes in premium calfskin leather. These form the foundation of your ensemble.

Pair them with a midnight blue peak lapel tuxedo crafted from super 150s wool.

The trousers should have a slight break, just kissing the top of your shoes.

For the shirt, opt for a crisp white dress shirt with a Marcella bib front and double cuffs.

To complete the look, accessorise with onyx and silver cufflinks, a black silk bow tie, and a white linen pocket square.

Derby Shoes

Key Features Best For Formality
Open lacing system, slightly more relaxed look Business casual, smart casual events High to Medium

With an open lacing system with eyelet tabs stitched on top of the vamp, Derby shoes offer a slightly more relaxed look than Oxfords.

This makes them incredibly versatile and suitable for business and smart casual settings.

Derby for a Business-Casual Look

Imagine you have an important client meeting at a trendy downtown restaurant and want to look professional yet approachable.

Start with a pair of burnished brown Derby shoes in full-grain leather. The shoes’ rich, deep colour sets the tone for a sophisticated yet slightly relaxed ensemble.

Pair these with tailored navy chinos, cuffed to show just a hint of ankle.

On top, wear a light blue Oxford cloth button-down shirt, leaving the top button undone for a more casual feel.

Layer this with a soft-shouldered, unstructured blazer in a textured oatmeal colour.

Accessorise with a brown leather belt that matches the tone of your Derbies, and add a pocket square in a muted paisley pattern that picks up the blues and browns in your outfit.

Monk Strap Shoes

Key Features Best For Formality
No laces, buckle closure Creative professional settings, stylish social events High to Medium

Monk strap shoes, characterised by a lack of lacing and distinctive buckle closure, offer a unique blend of formal elegance and modern flair.

Available in single or double-strap variations, these shoes are perfect for the style-conscious gentleman who wants to stand out subtly.

Monk Straps for a Creative Look

You’re heading to a gallery opening to meet artists, curators, and potential clients.

This is a great opportunity to showcase your creative side while maintaining a professional edge.

Begin with a pair of burgundy double monk strap shoes in polished leather. The rich colour and distinctive buckles immediately set a tone of artistic sophistication.

Complement these statement shoes with slim-fit charcoal grey wool trousers.

Choose a crisp white dress shirt for the upper body and layer it with a charcoal vest that matches your trousers.

Over this, don a softly structured blazer in a deep forest green.

The unexpected combination of burgundy, charcoal, and forest green speaks to your creative nature while maintaining a professional silhouette.

Accessorise with a silk pocket square featuring an abstract pattern incorporating your outfit’s colours.

Skip the tie for a more relaxed look, but add a vintage-inspired lapel pin for a touch of personality.

Brogue Shoes

Key Features Best For Formality
Decorative perforations, available in various styles Business casual, smart casual events, weekend outings Medium to High

Brogue shoes are distinguished by their decorative perforations (known as broguing) along the shoe’s visible edges.

Originally designed as a functional feature for Irish and Scottish country footwear, brogues have evolved into a stylish option that bridges the gap between formal and casual wear.

Brogues for a Smart-Casual Look

Imagine you’re attending a weekend garden party at a colleague’s country home.

You want to look polished yet relaxed and ready for an afternoon of mingling on the lawn.

Start with a pair of tan wingtip brogues in supple suede.

The warm colour and textured material set a casually elegant tone for your outfit.

Pair these brogues with tailored chinos in a soft sage green, cuffed to reveal a hint of ankle.

On top, layer a crisp white poplin shirt under a cable-knit sweater in a rich cream colour.

The textural interplay between the suede shoes, cotton chinos, and wool sweater adds depth to your ensemble.

For outerwear, choose a lightweight navy blazer in a breathable wool-linen blend.

Accessorise with a woven leather belt in a shade that complements your brogues, and add a pocket square in a small floral print that picks up the greens and blues in your outfit.


Key Features Best For Formality
Slip-on style, no laces, often featuring a saddle or tassel Business casual, smart casual events, summer formal occasions Medium

Loafers are slip-on shoes characterised by a lack of laces and low profile.

From the classic penny loafers to ornate designs featuring tassels or horsebit details, these shoes offer a perfect blend of comfort and style.

Loafers for a Summer Formal Look

You’ve been invited to a summer wedding at a beachside resort. The dress code calls for formal attire, but the setting demands something a bit more relaxed than a traditional black tie.

This is where a pair of burgundy penny loafers in high-shine leather comes into play. Their rich colour and gleaming finish perfectly balance formal and laid-back.

Complement these statement loafers with a lightweight, light grey tropical wool suit. The trousers should be hemmed to show just a sliver of the ankle, allowing your loafers to shine.

Pair this with a pale pink dress shirt, its soft colour echoing the warm tones of a sunset.

Instead of a tie, opt for a silk pocket square in a pattern that combines burgundy, pink, and grey.

Add a touch of whimsy with mother-of-pearl cufflinks, their iridescence reminiscent of seashells.

Wholecut Shoes

Key Features Best For Formality
Made from a single piece of leather and minimal seams Formal events, black-tie occasions, power dressing High

Wholecut shoes represent the pinnacle of shoemaking craftsmanship.

Constructed from a single piece of leather with minimal seams, these shoes offer a sleek, uninterrupted silhouette that exudes sophistication and attention to detail.

Wholecut Shoes for a Power Dressing Look

You’re preparing for a crucial board meeting where you’ll present a game-changing proposal.

This is a moment to project confidence, authority, and meticulous attention to detail.

Begin with a pair of black whole-cut shoes in mirror-shine leather.

Their seamless construction and gleaming finish form the foundation of a powerful, no-nonsense look.

Build upon this foundation with a sharply tailored, three-piece charcoal grey worsted wool suit. The vest adds an extra layer of formality and gravitas.

Choose a bright white dress shirt with a spread collar, providing a crisp contrast against the dark suit.

Wear a deep burgundy silk piece with a subtle herringbone pattern as a tie, and complete the look with a white linen pocket square folded into a crisp peak.

International Dress Shoe Style Differences

Dress shoe styles can vary subtly between countries and cultures:

British: Feature a rounder toe and sturdier construction. Brands like Church’s and John Lobb are exemplary.

Italian: Known for sleeker designs with elongated toes and lighter construction. Brands like Salvatore Ferragamo and Tod’s are notable.

American: A middle ground between British and Italian styles, with brands like Allen Edmonds offering a blend of comfort and style.

Building Your Essential Dress Shoe Collection

Creating a versatile dress shoe collection is crucial so you’ll be prepared for any occasion, from casual business meetings to formal black-tie events.

You should start with the essentials and gradually add shoes that reflect your personal style and meet your specific needs.

Shoe Type Colour Versatility Score
Oxford Black 9 Formal events, business formal
Derby Dark Brown 8 Business casual, smart casual
Brogue Tan 7 Smart casual, weekend outings
Loafer Burgundy 6 Business casual, summer events
Monk Strap Brown 7 Creative professional settings

Black Oxfords – Foundation Shoes

Every gentleman should start his collection with a pair of black Oxford shoes.

These are the most versatile formal shoes, appropriate for everything from job interviews to black-tie events.

For maximum versatility, buy a high-quality pair with a sleek silhouette and minimal detailing.

Dark Brown Derbies – The All-Rounder

Dark brown Derby shoes are the workhorses of your collection.

They’re formal enough for most business settings but can also be dressed down for smart-casual occasions.

The open lacing system adds a relaxed elegance, making them perfect for various events.

Tan Brogues – Statement Footwear

Tan brogues add a touch of personality to your shoe collection.

The decorative perforations and lighter colours are ideal for smart-casual events, particularly in spring and summer.

They pair beautifully with navy or grey suits for a less formal yet still polished look.

Burgundy Loafers – Comfort Picks

Burgundy loafers offer a perfect blend of comfort and style.

They’re excellent for business casual settings and can elevate a simple jeans-and-blazer combination.

The rich colour adds depth to your outfit without being as bold as red or as common as brown.

Brown Monk Straps – Conversation Starters

Brown monk strap shoes are for the style-conscious gentleman who wants to stand out subtly.

They’re versatile enough for most business settings but unique enough to draw admiring glances.

Single or double-strap versions are equally refined and distinctive.

Expanding Your Dress Shoe Collection

As you become more comfortable with your style and the occasions you frequently attend, consider adding these pieces to your collection:

  • Patent leather Oxfords for black-tie events
  • Suede loafers for casual summer occasions
  • Wholecut shoes for making a powerful impression in business settings
  • Two-tone spectator shoes for a touch of vintage flair

Dress Shoes Do’s and Don’ts

Mastering the art of wearing dress shoes goes beyond simply purchasing the right pairs. Here’s a comprehensive guide to ensure you’re always putting your best foot forward:

Do Don’t
Match your belt to your shoes Wear dress shoes with athletic socks
Ensure your trousers have the right break Neglect the condition of your shoes
Rotate your shoes regularly Wear the same pair of shoes two days in a row
Choose the right shoe for the occasion Wear overly pointed or square-toed shoes
Invest in quality over quantity Sacrifice comfort for style
Pay attention to the details (laces, shine) Wear visibly branded or logoed dress shoes
Consider the season when choosing materials Wear dress shoes with casual attire like shorts or jeans
Experiment with different styles as you build confidence Ignore the dress code of an event

Do: Match Your Belt to Your Shoes

One of the cardinal rules of men’s style is to match your belt to your shoes.

This creates a cohesive look and shows attention to detail.

The match shouldn’t be exact, but the colours should be in the same family.

For example, pair a dark brown belt with dark brown shoes or a black belt with black shoes.

Don’t: Wear Dress Shoes with Athletic Socks

Athletic socks and dress shoes are a fashion faux pas.

Always opt for dress socks that match the colour of your trousers.

This creates a seamless transition from your pants to your shoes and elevates your overall look.

Do: Ensure Trousers Have the Right Break

The “break” refers to how your trousers fall on your shoes.

A slight break (where the trouser leg just touches the top of your shoe) is generally considered the most versatile and stylish option.

This showcases your shoes while maintaining a clean silhouette.

Do: Rotate Your Shoes Regularly

Wearing the same pair of shoes daily doesn’t allow them adequate time to dry out and recover shape.

Invest in multiple pairs and rotate them to extend their lifespan and maintain their appearance.


Mastering the art of choosing and wearing dress shoes is crucial for any gentleman who wants to project success, style, and attention to detail.

From understanding the different types of dress shoes to knowing how to pair them with various outfits, this knowledge empowers you to make confident style choices for any occasion.

Remember, your shoes are more than just a functional piece of your wardrobe—they’re a statement about who you are and how you present yourself to the world.

By investing in quality dress shoes, understanding how to style them, and following the do’s and don’ts we’ve outlined, you’re well on your way to confidently stepping forward in any situation.

Whether you’re closing a deal in the boardroom, making a toast at a wedding, or simply enjoying a night out, your carefully chosen dress shoes will ensure you’re always putting your best foot forward.

So step out confidently, knowing you’re dressed for success from the ground up.

With over twenty years of front-row fashion and styling events, collabs with haute-couture houses, and a PhD in Luxury Fashion, Laurenti is an expert in crafting personalized looks that depict old-money sophistication.

With years of expertise in high-end fashion collabs and a PhD in Sustainable Fashion, Ru specializes in curating eco-luxe wardrobes for the modern gentleman seeking understated refinement.

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